A Brief History of the Siesta


Summer’s here and there’s a heat wave to go with it so we thought this post should be about the Siesta, which originated in Greek or Roman times as a way to escape the intense midday heat around the Mediterranean. These civilizations had a custom called the sixth hour rest, taken at the hottest part of the day.

The word Siesta comes from the Spanish word for sixth – sexta, and now means nap. As the Spanish influence spread into Latin America the idea of the Siesta has taken hold throughout the world. After the Spanish Civil War, many people had to work two jobs to survive, and the hours between 4:00pm and 6:00pm became a time to eat and rest before heading out to a second job. 

This time period is still characteristic of Spain, although the standard 20-30 minute custom of taking a nap is diminishing as more Western-style working hours take hold.

But the tradition in other forms lives on! In the U.S. and other countries the idea of the power nap has taken hold. The power nap, about 20 minutes long, can restore alertness and reverse the impact of a poor night’s sleep. A university study found better memory recall after a short period of sleep. Studies have shown that limiting your siesta to under 45 minutes is the optimal period for a nap, otherwise you may drift into deep sleep which is when you wake up groggy for a while.

Since the long lunch period is still a tradition in Spain and it’s been so hot, here’s a recipe for Gazpacho, the Andalusian cold vegetable soup, perfect for a summer’s day.

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This Map Shows The Most Commonly Spoken Language in Every US State, Excluding English and Spanish.


The map above shows the most commonly spoken languages state-by-state after English and Spanish. Interestingly, the language areas correspond to immigration numbers since the country was founded.

Take a look at the map, think about your ethnic heritage, and see where the language of your family origins is located in the melting pot that is the United States.

The four most prevalent languages in the country are:

English – Is spoken by 79 percent of the population. It’s the default official language of the country because it’s the language that’s used by the government to conduct its business and communicate.

Spanish – Spanish is spoken as a first language by about 38 million Americans. The prevalence of Spanish is shown by the amount of students and adults studying it as a second language – children and adults are learning it as a second language in record numbers. The U.S. is the fifth largest Spanish speaking country in the world.

Chinese – The third largest spoken language in the U.S. is spoken by 3 million Americans. While Cantonese is dominant, more people are beginning to study Mandarin as it is the official language of the People’s Republic of China.

Tagalog – a Philippine language, is the fourth-most spoken language in the U.S. It’s spoken by almost 2 million people. Filipinos are the second fastest growing Asian population in the country after China.

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Son las 3 a.m. y estoy despierto. ¿Cómo me vuelvo a dormir?/I’m Often Wide Awake at 3 A.M. How Do I Get Back to Sleep?


Los expertos en sueño ofrecen recomendaciones para dormir profundamente toda la noche.

Es normal despertar varias veces durante la noche, a menudo cuando el cerebro atraviesa distintos ciclos de sueño más o menos profundo. Las personas mayores a menudo tienen que salir de la cama para ir al baño. Todo esto suele ser inofensivo. La mayoría de la gente no tiene dificultad para volver a dormirse y puede que a la mañana siguiente ni siquiera recuerden que se despertaron a mitad de la noche.

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Sleep experts offer advice on sleeping soundly through the night.

It’s normal to wake up a few times during the night, as the brain cycles through various stages of deeper and lighter sleep. Older people also often have to get out of bed to use the bathroom one or two times during the night. Waking up at night is usually harmless. Most people have no trouble falling back asleep and may not even remember their nighttime awakenings the next morning.

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Un experimento demuestra que el cuerpo combate a la comida rápida como si fuera una infección/An experiment shows that the body fights fast food like an infection


Al recibir comida rápida como alimento, el organismo se ve obligado a producir más glóbulos blancos, como si estuviera bajo ataque.

Grasa. Porciones desmedidas. Productos hiperindustrializados, que se congelan indefinidamente hasta que llegue el próximo cliente. De manera natural, el organismo humano no está preparado para procesar la comida rápida. Una investigación reciente asegura, incluso, que la combate como si se tratara de una infección bacteriana.

¿Cómo recibe el cuerpo humano la ingesta de comida rápida?

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An experiment shows that the body fights fast food like an infection

By receiving fast food as food, the body is forced to produce more white blood cells, as if under attack.
Grease. Excessive portions. Hyper-industrialized products, which are frozen indefinitely until the next customer arrives. Naturally, the human body is not prepared to process fast food. Recent research even ensures that it fights it as if it were a bacterial infection.

How does the human body receive fast food intake?

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¿Cómo se ve el atardecer desde Marte, Urano o el satélite más grande de Saturno, Titán?/ What does the sunset look like from Mars, Uranus, or Saturn’s largest satellite, Titan?


Así se ven los atardeceres en Marte y otros mundos según la NASA.

El espacio es un sitio hostil para la humanidad. La radiación, las temperaturas extremas y la falta de las condiciones particulares que hacen posible la vida en la Tierra hacen de cada planeta y luna del vecindario cósmico un mundo distinto.

Pero aún en esta diversidad, el sistema planetario mantiene un orden armónico gracias a un elemento que para ningún planeta resulta indistinto: el Sol.

Una simulación de la NASA pretende explorar cómo se vería una puesta de Sol en distintos planetas y los colores que iluminan el cielo hasta que desaparece en el horizonte.

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This is what sunsets look like on Mars and other worlds according to NASA

What does the sunset look like from Mars, Uranus, or Saturn’s largest satellite, Titan?

Space is a hostile place for humanity. Radiation, extreme temperatures and the lack of the particular conditions that make life possible on Earth make each planet and moon in the cosmic neighborhood a different world.

A NASA simulation aims to explore what a sunset would look like on different planets and the colors that light up the sky until it disappears over the horizon.

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Descubren una nueva figura en las misteriosas líneas de Nasca en Perú/They discover a new figure in the mysterious Nasca lines in Peru


Uno de los misterios más fascinantes de los antiguos pobladores de América son las figuras gigantes (conocidas como geoglifos) dibujadas en la arena y las montañas del desierto de Nasca, en Perú.

El pasado 15 de octubre, el Ministerio de Cultura de Perú anunció el descubrimiento de un nuevo geoglifo en la Pampa de Nasca que se mantuvo oculto durante 2 mil años:

Se trata de la representación de un felino elaborada hace más de dos mil años y es obra de la cultura Paracas, una sociedad previa a la Nasca que coincide con ella un sinfín de rasgos culturales y se desarrolló en la costa del centro-sur de Perú, a unos 400 kilómetros de Lima.

La figura mide 37 metros de largo y su trazado tiene un ancho de línea de entre 30 y 40 centímetros. Está realizada sobre una colina rocosa que servía como acceso a un mirador en la zona, que permite apreciar más figuras en la cara opuesta de la montaña.

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A new figure is discovered in the mysterious Nasca lines in Peru

One of the most fascinating mysteries of the ancient settlers of America are the giant figures (known as geoglyphs) drawn in the sand and the mountains of the Nasca desert, in Peru.

On October 15, the Ministry of Culture of Peru announced the discovery of a new geoglyph in the Pampa de Nasca that remained hidden for 2,000 years:

It is the representation of a feline made more than two thousand years ago and it is the work of the Paracas culture, a pre-Nasca society that coincides with endless cultural features and developed on the south-central coast of Peru. , about 400 kilometers from Lima.

The figure is 37 meters long and its outline has a line width of between 30 and 40 centimeters. It is made on a rocky hill that served as access to a viewpoint in the area, which allows you to see more figures on the opposite side of the mountain.

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Un recorrido prehistórico en el Museo de La Peña/A Prehistoric Tour in the Museum of La Peña


Fósiles de especies de la megafauna que habitaron zonas del Embalse del Guajaro hace más de 10.000 años se exhibirán en este espacio paleontológico del Atlántico.

Una caverna, de cielo rocoso y agrietado, transporta al visitante a más de 10.000 años atrás. A la prehistoria.

Hace varios milenios, recorrían espesos bosques, valles y planicies, animales como megaterios, mastodontes, gliptodontes, smilodontes—conocido como tigre dientes de sable—, entre otras especies de la megafauna. Estos colosales ejemplares que poblaron el planeta entre los periodos Mioceno y Pleistoceno fueron también parte de este territorio. Muchos restos fosilizados de estas especies permanecen aún bajo el suelo del Atlántico.

De espaldas al embalse del Guajaro, en La Peña, corregimiento de Sabanalarga, abre hoy sus puertas el primer Museo Palentológico del departamento y la región.

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A Prehistoric Tour in the Museum of La Peña

Fossils of megafauna species that inhabited areas of the Guajaro Reservoir more than 10,000 years ago will be exhibited in this paleontological space in the Atlantic.

A cavern, with a rocky and cracked sky, transports the visitor to more than 10,000 years ago. To prehistory.

Several millennia ago, animals such as megaterios, mastodons, glyptodonts, and smilodonts — known as the saber-toothed tiger—, among other species of megafauna, roamed through thick forests, valleys and plains. These colossal specimens that populated the planet between the Miocene and Pleistocene periods were also part of this territory. Many fossilized remains of these species still remain under the Atlantic floor.

With its back turned to the Guajaro reservoir, in La Peña, Sabanalarga district, the first Palentological Museum of the department and the region opens its doors today.

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8 datos sobre la importancia del sueño que debes conocer/8 facts about the importance of sleep that you should know


Cuánto dormimos y cuánto dejamos de dormir son cuestiones que cada vez más concentran la atención de la comunidad científica

El sueño se ha convertido en un tema fundamental para quienes se preocupan por la salud.

Cuánto dormimos y cuánto dejamos de dormir son cuestiones que cada vez más concentran la atención de la comunidad científica, así como de ciudadanos (insomnes o no) preocupados por su propio bienestar.

Pero ¿cuánto sabemos acerca del sueño y su impacto en nuestras vidas?

1. La importancia de descansar ocho horas (más o menos)

Una de las recomendaciones más extendidas sobre el sueño es la de dormir ocho horas cada noche.

El consejo se sustenta en investigaciones que indican que tanto quienes duermen mucho como quienes duermen poco tienen una mayor probabilidad de sufrir de ciertas enfermedades y de vivir menos tiempo.

Pero es difícil saber si es la falta de sueño la que causa la enfermedad o si se trata de un síntoma de un estilo de vida poco saludable.

Ae asume que una persona duerme poco cuando de forma regular disfruta de menos de 6 horas diarias de sueño; mientras que se considera que duermen demasiado quienes lo hacen durante más de 9 o 10 horas al día.

En el caso de los niños, sin embargo, se recomiendan hasta 11 horas de sueño nocturno; mientras que los adolescentes deben hacerlo hasta por 10 horas.

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8 facts about the importance of sleep that you should know

How much we sleep and how much we stop sleeping are issues that are increasingly attracting the attention of the scientific community

Sleep has become a fundamental issue for those who care about health.

How much we sleep and how much we stop sleeping are issues that are increasingly drawing the attention of the scientific community, as well as citizens (insomniacs or not) concerned about their own well-being.

But how much do we know about the dream and its impact on our lives?

The importance of resting eight hours (more or less)

One of the most widespread recommendations about sleep is to get eight hours of sleep each night.

The advice is based on research that indicates that both those who sleep a lot and those who sleep little are more likely to suffer from certain diseases and live less time.

But it is difficult to know if it is a lack of sleep that is causing the disease or if it is a symptom of an unhealthy lifestyle.

Ae assumes that a person sleeps little when they regularly enjoy less than 6 hours of sleep per day; whereas those who sleep more than 9 or 10 hours a day are considered to sleep too much.

In the case of children, however, up to 11 hours of nighttime sleep is recommended; while teenagers must do it for up to 10 hours.

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Origen de los espejos y cómo se crean/Origin of mirrors and how they are created


Antes de la mecanización moderna, el nitrato de plata se usaba para hacer espejos. Cuando golpea un panel de vidrio, instantáneamente se vuelve reflexivo.

Desde la historia más antigua registrada, los humanos han estado fascinados por los reflejos. Narciso supuestamente estaba hechizado por su propio reflejo en un charco de agua, y los poderes mágicos se atribuyen a los espejos en los cuentos de hadas.

Asimismo, los espejos han avanzado desde piscinas reflectantes y superficies metálicas pulidas hasta espejos de vidrio transparente para baños de mano.

El espejo moderno

Los espejos de vidrio plateado que se encuentran en todo el mundo hoy comenzaron por primera vez en Alemania hace casi 200 años…

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Origin of mirrors and how they are created

Before modern mechanization, silver nitrate was used to make mirrors. When you hit a glass panel, it instantly becomes reflective.

Since the earliest recorded history, humans have been fascinated by reflections. Narcissus was supposedly haunted by his own reflection in a pool of water, and magical powers are attributed to mirrors in fairy tales.

Likewise, mirrors have advanced from reflective pools and polished metal surfaces to clear glass mirrors for hand baths.

The modern mirror

The silver glass mirrors found throughout the world today first began in Germany almost 200 years ago…

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